Blue Poison Dart Frog
The blue poison dart frog or blue poison arrow frog or known by its native name, okopipi. Is a poison dart frog found in a few isolated “rain forest islands” in the Sipaliwini savanna of southern Suriname, and adjacent far northern Brazil. These blue poison dart frog live in a few isolated patches of relic rain forest habitat. The poisonous Blue frog, called okopipi is also known by the name, “azureus”. Its scientific name comes from its azure color.
As their name implies, poison dart frogs can release toxins from the skin that are distasteful and potentially lethal (meaning deadly) to would-be predators. Although poison dart frogs are known for their skin toxins (poison), used on the tips of arrows or darts of natives, in reality only the species of the Phyllobates genus are used in this manner.
The blue poison dart frog feeds on ants, beetles, flies, mites, spiders, termites, maggots, and caterpillars. Blue poison dart frogs are active during the day, can be found hiding among boulders, debris near streams, and among leaf litter on the forest floor. However, they lack toe webbing making them poor swimmers, this is why they are not found in the water.
Did You Know?
Did you know that scientists did not discover this colorful frog until 1968?
The frog has a typical lifespan of five to seven years in the wild. Its bright blue skin, usually darker around its limbs and stomach, serves as a warning to predators. The glands of poisonous alkaloids located in the skin serve as a defense mechanism to potential predators. These poisons paralyze and sometimes kill the predator. The black spots are unique to each frog, enabling individuals to be identified. This species of frog has a distinctive hunch-backed posture.
Fun Facts – Heart shape?
Each foot has four toes, which each have a flattened tip with a suction cup pad used for gripping. The tips of the toes in females are round, while males have heart-shaped tips.
Because the poison blue dart frog habitat is remote and difficult to reach, accurate population monitoring is a difficult.
Regardless of numbers, this species is highly vulnerable to both human activities and natural factors, such as drought, due to its extremely small range and isolated populations.
Adult poison blue dart frogs have few predators. However, the tadpoles, which contain no toxins, do fall prey to other amphibians, reptiles and predatory invertebrates.
Blue poison Dart Frog PDF from Rosamond Gifford Zoo.
Poison Frogs at Smithsonian’s National Zoo.